These drugs block the biochemical process that creates acid in the stomach. Less acid in the stomach means less acid available for back-up into the esophagus. Some examples are cimetidine (Tagamet), ranitidine (Zantac), and famotidine (Pepcid). Low doses of these drugs are available without a prescription. More potent doses require a prescription.
Like all high-fat foods, full-fat cow’s milk may relax the lower esophageal sphincter, which can cause or worsen reflux symptoms. High-fat foods.
But stopping the acid reflux can help prevent complications in the future. If you have acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), you may spend mealtimes avoiding certain foods and drinks. These conditions cause stomach acid to leak back into the esophagus. Heartburn is a common symptom of acid reflux and GERD. You may develop a burning sensation in your stomach or chest after eating a full meal or certain foods.
Consuming less food more frequently can reduce pressure in your stomach. Chocolate may be one of the worst foods for people with GERD because it contains high levels of fat as well as caffeine.
💡 If you regularly suffer from acid reflux, it is recommended to keep a food and symptom diary to help you track the foods that are your particular heartburn offenders. If you’ve changed the way you eat but you’re still suffering, it might be worth trying an elimination diet.
- Some drinks can aggravate reflux symptoms and should be avoided.
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) does not close properly and stomach contents leak back into the esophagus.
- Attempt to not eat anything at least 2 hours before lying down.
- If there are specific foods that you believe give you reflux, by all means, avoid them.
- If not, use this trick to peel one in less than 8 seconds.
People can also buy H2-receptor blockers, such as Zantac, which may decrease the production of stomach acid for up to 12 hours. OTC proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) have a similar effect. If the esophageal sphincter does not close correctly, the contents of the stomach can leak back up into the food pipe, causing GERD. Research also suggests that foods high in fiber, particularly soluble fiber, can help reduce the symptoms of GERD.
The goal is to minimize and control your symptoms. Ginger has natural anti-inflammatory properties, and it’s a natural treatment for heartburn and other gastrointestinal problems. You can add grated or sliced ginger root to recipes or smoothies or drink ginger tea to ease symptoms.
The esophagus does not have this protection. Stomach acid is a strong acid produced by the stomach to help digest food. The esophagus is a muscular tube stretching from the throat to the stomach. All the foods and liquids that are swallowed travel through the esophagus. Smoking can weaken and relax the LES, which is a valve at the junction between esophagus and stomach.
If these acid blockers do not relieve your symptoms, your health-care professional probably will recommend one of the drugs, which are even stronger, called proton pump inhibitors. Examples of these drugs are omeprazole (Prilosec), lansoprazole (Prevacid), rabeprazole (Aciphex), pantoprazole (Protonix), dexlanzoprazole (Dexilant), and esomeprazole (Nexium). These tablets virtually stop all acid production in the stomach. They typically are taken only once a day. These drugs usually are prescribed if other drugs have not helped.
We do know what makes it worse, either by relaxing the lower esophageal sphincter or directly by irritating the esophagus. Prevention of GERD involves modifying lifestyle factors in diet, activity, and habits that trigger symptoms. Clothing that fits tightly around the abdomen, such as tight belts and waistbands, can squeeze the stomach and force food up against the LES. This can cause stomach contents to reflux into the esophagus. Saliva is alkaline, so it can help neutralize stomach acid.