For the procuring authorities, it has been a rather long period of learning over time how to improve the tendering process, also affected by Sweden’s entry to the European Union in 1995. Although there are several positive effects to highlight, such as innovation and reduced subsidies, there is also reason to consider problems like unfulfilled bids, the predatory behaviour of some bidders, and sometimes worsened possibilities for passengers to find connecting journeys involving several operators. Moreover, SJ’s (the state-owned operator) remaining monopoly on its so-called profitable lines affects the general competitive situation and prospects for sector development. The paper also includes some general statistical data reflecting the development of the Swedish railways in recent years.
The Transport Policy Act of 1988, with its ground-breaking split of railway infrastructure from operations, is commonly considered the starting point for the transformation of the Swedish railway system – from a vertically and horizontally integrated monopoly to a market characterised by decentralisation and intra-modal competition. In this paper, we focus on the reforms and experiences related to the introduction and development of competitive tendering of passenger rail services in Sweden. Competitive tendering was first introduced in 1989 on some regional lines, but since then this practice has become more and more widespread, and now encompasses the majority of both regional and interregional lines. The different types of tendered contracts for these services are described in some detail in the paper. Despite a general lack of bidders participating in most tenders, some important new entries have taken place, from national as well as international firms.
International Symposium on EcoTopia Science 2007 for Sustainable Development of Beautiful and Prosperous Society ISETS07, November 23 – 25, 2007, Nagoya, Japan. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine(232), pp. 309-322. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Production Diseases in Farm Animals.
Development and validation of the AO pediatric comprehensive classification of long-bone fractures by the Pediatric Expert Group of the AO Foundation in collaboration with AO Clinical Investigation and Documentation and the International Association for Pediatric Traumatology. Clinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 2(6), pp. 1131-9.
2010. 3 Dimensional Supply Chain Flexibility. International Conference of Logistics Engineering and Management-Southwest Jiatong University, Chengdu, China, 08.10-09.10.
Flexible Marketing in an unpredictable World. Proceedings of the 36th EMAC Conference, Reykjavik, 22.-25.5.2007. Proceedings of the 60th Canadian Geotechnical Conference and 8th Joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference. International journal of intelligent systems technologies and applications IJISTA, 3(3/4), pp. 166-187. Conference â€œThe Study of Pentecostalismâ€ of the European Research Network on Global Pentecostalism.
3 Dimensions of Supply Chain Flexibility- Flexibitity in Supply Chain Design,- Felxible Supply Chain Planning,-Flexible Supply Chain Processes. BASF Supply Chain Management Meeting, Ludwigshafen, Deutschland, 22.09. Groschopf, Wolfram, FÃ¼rst, Elmar Wilhelm M., Kummer, Sebastian. 2012.
- Series B – biological sciences, 274(1628), pp. 3019-3025.
- The results indicate that at least for the companies of a greater size, an efficiency increase (as measured by lower costs), would be obtained from the separation of the current companies in two different companies of a lower size.
- BASF Supply Chain Management Meeting, Ludwigshafen, Deutschland, 22.09.
- Moreover, SJ’s (the state-owned operator) remaining monopoly on its so-called profitable lines affects the general competitive situation and prospects for sector development.
It was applied for the American phone company Bell System to assess the convenience of separating the management of local and long-distance services. The results indicate that at least for the companies of a greater size, an efficiency increase (as measured by lower costs), would be obtained from the separation of the current companies in two different companies of a lower size. Besides, these efficiency gains are greater when the two new companies specialize their production, either on passenger or on freight traffic.
2005. Supply Chains Management and Controlling. global logistics meeting der Red Bull GmbH, Hamburg, 08.11. Kummer, Sebastian.
Quality management to support single companies to overcome organisational challenges in collaborative enterprise networks
Kummer, Sebastian. 2000. Advanced Logistics Management, Supply Chain Management, Logistik-Controlling, E-commerce – the new challenge for logistics. Northern Jiatong, UniversitÃ¤t Beijing, 12.06.
SMART City Logistics and SMART Transportation, Global Supply Chain Management. Gastprofessur , Jilin University, Changchun, China, 13.10-15.10.
Railways systems show huge variations in technical efficiency between different countries and also between freight and passenger transportation within the same country. The study also contains the analysis of dependencies between calculated railways efficiency estimates and popular economic indicators. This paper provides an up-to-date review of the previous literature concerning the impact of passenger rail franchising on productivity and costs in Britain, and also presents important new evidence.