we’ve brought him to two different vets and they both took blood tests as well as physical exams and found him to be okay. they’ve both prescribed medicines which did not alleviate these symptoms. Idk if my cat has reflux or something more serious. Hes vomiting white foam, not eating much, is noticeable uncomfortable and clingy,and acts like he wants to spit up a furball but burps really loud.
Veterinarians have also hypothesized the possibility of a hiatal hernia being one underlying cause, as this hernia causes a tear in the feline’s diaphragm. Anesthesia is known to cause acid reflux in felines for a period of time following surgery, but this form of acid reflux is usually temporary and resolves on its own with time. The mucosal barrier protects the stomach from self-digestion. It includes a thick coating of bicarbonate-rich mucus; the mucus is physically protective, and bicarbonate neutralizes gastric acid. Epithelial cells meet at tight junctions, which block gastric juice from penetrating the underlying tissue layers, and stem cells quickly replace sloughed off epithelial mucosal cells.
However in light of our growing understanding of microbial symbionts’ role in human health, it is interesting to reassess the stomach’s additional role as an important barrier against pathogen entry into the gastrointestinal tract [2-3]. Here we consider the ecology of bird and mammal stomachs and, in the same light, medical interventions that alter human gastric pH and their implications for the human-microbe relationship. These problems become clinically apparent when a dog that is fed a highly processed diet is offered a raw bone, or a meal of raw meat. Because the stomach acidity is directly dictated by the meat protein content of the diet, these dogs all ready have a less acidic stomach, which is not able to soften and breakdown raw bone material, nor is the stomach PH able to cope with a load of bacteria. The result can be a sudden “rejection” of the bone or meat, in the form of vomiting, or it can take the form of a bout of acute gastroenteritis, from an overgrowth of bacteria, or it may result in a bone obstruction in the stomach.
The host must invest significant energy for both acid production and protecting the stomach from acid-related damage . In addition, the acidity of the stomach may preclude, or at least make more difficult, chance acquisition of beneficial microbes. At the opposite extreme are those specialized herbivores in which stomach morphology is derived to include an alkaline chamber (forestomach or pre-saccus) that house microbes critical for fermenting a plant diet [18-22]. In these animals, an acidic stomach is not only of limited value (because the risk of foodborne pathogens in plant material is low), it may also remove those microbes that aid in the breakdown of plant material. Broadly then, we expect stomach acidity to mirror animal diets in ways that reflect pathogen risk.
I cant afford a vet visit. The stomach participates in all digestive activities except ingestion and defecation. It vigorously churns food.
Digestive Functions of the Stomach
(I am however very grateful that these days these types of studies would not be allowed for ethical reasons) These studies allow us to consider which foods are best at triggering efficient digestion in our dogs. And I think that the raw feeding community know that protein is the most important acid stimulating factor. So the argument is not about transit times for different foods, it’s about the efficiency of digestion in the stomach when there is food present and the efficient triggering of the rest of the digestive cascade as the acid chyme leaves the stomach.
Pet Care Essentials
- In addition to interfamilial transmission, another case-control study found that H.
- When the dog’s eat, this is when the differences come in, depending on what the dog’s eat, A dog fed completely raw, a dog fed raw plus kibble, and a dog fed kibble only will all have a varying degree of effective digestion going on at the time of eating.
- The bottom line is potentially harmful bacteria resides in your pet’s GI tract whether you feed raw foods or the processed stuff.
- Cats with elevated thyroid function, hyperthyroidism, may vomit in addition to other signs including, increased appetite, weight loss, hyperactivity and a poorly kept coat.
Our new vet prescribed anti acid tablets and her appetite has improved and she is starting to put on weight. My cat was recently diagnosed with gastric valve disease and was given two shots and two antibiotics which seemed to help for a week or so but is recently sick again and can’t hold any food down.
As a result, in addition to moving food through the canal, the stomach can vigorously churn food, mechanically breaking it down into smaller particles. Popular culture tends to refer to the stomach as the location where all digestion takes place. Of course, this is not true. An important function of the stomach is to serve as a temporary holding chamber.
The information in this blog has been developed with our veterinarian and is designed to help educate pet parents. If you have questions or concerns about your pet’s health or nutrition, please talk with your veterinarian. In the lower stomach, wave-like contractions (aka peristalsis) occur. The muscle contractions become stronger as they move toward the sphincter between the stomach and small intestine.
So the natural ‘wild” diet of dogs an cats has evolved a gastric environment that favours the breakdown of raw meats, raw bones, and a PH that kills potentially harmful bacteria – consistent with the requirements of carnivores, and in particular, the scavenging nature of dogs. The gastric acidity (gastric pH) of the stomach of a dog or cat eating a diet predominantly made up of raw meat is very low (very acidic), with a pH of 2 or lower. Note that pH is measured on a logarithmic scale ie a pH of 1 is ten times as acidic as a pH of 2. This highly acidic environment favours the breakdown of raw meats, and raw bones, into soft digestible material. The low pH also is highly effective at killing bacteria, particularly potentially pathogenic bacteria like salmonella, campylobacter and E Coli.
In addition, many microorganisms have their growth inhibited by such an acidic environment, which is helpful to prevent infection. Stomach Niche is probably the most interesting and unique niche. Many microbes can enter the stomach, but most of them end up getting degraded by the low pH acidity of the stomach. Helicobacter pylori, and Clostridium botulinum are microbes that can survive the acidic environment of the stomach and induce deadly effects to the host. There are other microbes can also survive the acidity of the stomach.
In the epithelium, gastric pits lead to gastric glands that secrete gastric juice. The gastric glands (one gland is shown enlarged on the right) contain different types of cells that secrete a variety of enzymes, including hydrochloride acid, which activates the protein-digesting enzyme pepsin. A well-functioning digestive system – including a properly working stomach – is essential to your dog’s health. It’s what enables your pet to use the nutrients in food for energy and to build and repair tissues.